Sindh, the southern province of Pakistan, is steeped in history, millions of years ago the landmass of the entire province was under sea, and one comes across evidence of it again and again in the mountains of Khirthar Range. The fossils of millions of years old marine life, fish, sea urchins and little known forms of life are still found in the Khirthar. In the folds of the mountains, there are rich deposits of the natural gas, also here one of the biggest fossils of a mammoth too was discovered in the Khirthar a remnant of the ice Age when the whole world was covered with ice.
Nearly 160KM from Karachi, there is a biggest National Parks of the country upon 1192 Square Miles of the area’ where a combined population of nearly 11,000 Sindh ibex, gazelles and wild sheep survive. The Indus River in the Sindh is home to the only surviving blind dolphins in the world. More than one hundred lakes are in Sindh. Indus delta is a bird watcher’s paradise in winter the lakes have a population of nearly 200,000 migratory birds that fly all the way from Siberia and other countries to hibernate in the golden sunshine of Pakistan. The Karachi today is claimed to be the ‘love-bird capital of the world’. One of the most interesting facts of the history is that the coastline of present day port of Karachi.
In Karachi there were discovered old graves of the ancient carriers who braved the rigors of the sea to carry the faraway lands. One can say with confidence that Pakistan has one of the most ancient export cultures in the world. The steatite seals of the Mohan je Daro carry a wealth of information regarding the trading houses and export practices in ancient Pakistan four to five thousand years ago. The modern research work shows the seals that accompanied the consignments of cotton bales were in fact trademarks of the firms that exported them. Mohan je Daro seals found in Bahrain show that what is Sindh now had thousands years ago. A bustling export business with many countries of the region and world.
Some 5000 years ago, from the ports of Sindh were exported peacocks, cotton, corals and in all likelihood, spices and condiments. The coastline of Sindh is home to the biggest arid zone mangrove forest in the world, on the vast farmlands of Sindh are grown rich crops of cotton, rice and wheat.
It is the piece of land which attracted the refugees, the sufi saints and also the Nobel armies & generals from many parts of world. It is the land where Akbar the Great was born. The Lakes of this Lands are host to millions of migratory waterfowl. Its coastline have forest of mangroves and a natural & busy seaport of Karachi. The Indian Sea provides wonderful opportunities for water sports and its sun-kissed beaches invite you with open arms throughout the year.
Sindh has “River Sindh” the lifeline of its people culture history and heritage. Sindh has its distinct rituals, performances, events, sports, food and music to experience the life on sand. Sindh possesses the all tastes of life, which words cannot fully describe. An amazing experience of visit to this land can make pleasure and celebration of lifetime.
DEMOGRAPHICS AND SOCIETY
Sindh has the 2nd highest Human Development Index in all of Pakistan’s
Provinces at 0.628. The 1998 population of Sindh is 30.4 million.
Sindhi speaking households make up 63.7 % of Sindh’s population ; Urdu – speaking
households make up 18.1 % ; Punjabi 7.0 % : Pashto 4.2 % ; Balochi 2.0 %
Saraiki 1.0 % and other languages 5.0 %. Other languages include Guajarati,
Memoni, Kuchhi ( last one being the dialect of Sindhi ). Kathiawari, Thari,
Persian, Dari, Lari and Brahui. The Sindhis as a whole are composed of
Original descendants of an ancient population known as Samaat. Sindhis of Balochi originsare 50 % of the total Sindhi population, they however speak Sindhi as their native
Tongue, while Urdu speaking make aver 18% of the total population of the
Province. There are groups of Sindhi tribes claiming descent from early
Muslim settlers including Arabs and Persian are living in the Sindh.
GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE
Sindh is located in south of Pakistan, bordering the Iranian
Plateau in the west. Sindh is stretched about 579 km with an area of 140,915 square kilometers
(54,408 sq. miles) of Pakistan’s territory. Sindh is bounded by the Thar Desert to
the seas, the Khirthar Mountains in the west, and the Indian Sea in the
South. In the center, there is a fertile plain along the Indus River. Sindh lies in
A tropical ta subtropical region; it is slightly hot in the summer and mild to
Warm in winter. The temperatures frequently rise above 46 °C (115 ° F) in Summers.
The southwest monsoon wind begins to blow in the
Mid of February and continues until the end of September, whereas, some
Cool breeze blows during the months from October to January.